Schanck, John

SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
[br]
b. 1740 Fife, Scotland d. 1823
[br]
Scottish admiral, builder of small ships with revolutionary form, pioneer of sliding keels.
[br]
Schanck first went to sea in the merchant service, but in 1758 he was transferred to the Royal Navy. After four years as an able seaman, he was made a midshipman (a rare occurrence in those days), and by perseverance was commissioned Lieutenant in 1776 and appointed to command a small vessel operating in the St Lawrence. Being known as an inventive and practical officer, he was soon placed in charge of shipbuilding operations for the British on the Great Lakes and quickly constructed a small fleet that operated on Lake Champlain and elsewhere. He was promoted Captain in 1783. In earlier years Schanck had built a small sliding-keel yacht and sailed it in Boston Harbor. The Admiralty accepted the idea and tested two similar small craft, one with and the other without sliding keels. The success of the keels encouraged the authorities to build further craft of increasing size, culminating in the Lady Nelson, which carried out many surveys in Australian waters at the end of the eighteenth century. Service with the Army and the transport board followed, when his special knowledge and skill were used to the full in the waterways of the Netherlands. Schanck rose to the rank of full Admiral, and advised not only the British Government on coastal defence but other groups on many aspects of hull design.
[br]
Further Reading
John Charnock, 1800, A History of Marine Architecture, etc., London.
FMW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Schenck — (sometimes written Schanck ) (1750 1823) was a captain in the New Jersey Militia during the American Revolutionary War.BiographySchenck was born in Amwell Twp., Hunterdon County, New Jersey on May 26, 1750, the son of Gerret Roelofse Schenck(1719 …   Wikipedia

  • John Schank — Admiral John Schank, (c. 1740 ndash; 6 February 1823), was a member of the British Royal Navy until his death. He was the son of Alexander Schank of Castlerigg, Fife, Scotland.He was known for his remarkable skills at mechanical design, earning… …   Wikipedia

  • Schanck — /ʃæŋk/ (say shangk) noun Cape, the southernmost point of Mornington Peninsula, Victoria; coastal park. {named after John Schank, the inventor of the sliding keel} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ports and shipping — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Archimedes of Syracuse Armstrong, Sir William George Atwood, George Ayre, Sir Amos Lowrey Barlow, Peter Barnaby, Kenneth C. Barnett, James Rennie Bell, Henry …   Biographical history of technology

  • Georgiana McCrae — Georgiana Gordon McCrae (15 March 1804 – 24 May 1890) was an Australian painter and diarist.Early life and family backgroundBorn in London, she was the illegitimate daughter of George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon and Jane Graham. The Marquis of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ambush of Geary — Part of the American Revolutionary War …   Wikipedia

  • Lady Nelson — The Lady Nelson was a vessel used in the exploration of the coast of Australia in the early years of the 19th century. It was the first vessel to sail eastward through Bass Strait, the first to sail along the entire eastern coastline of Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Denton Corker Marshall — Manchester Civil Justice Centre, Manchester Denton Corker Marshall is a major award winning Australian architecture practice established in Melbourne in 1972. It was founded by architects John Denton,[1] Bill Corker, and Barrie Marshall. While… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Flinders — For the British academic, see Matthew Flinders (academic). Matthew Flinders Born 16 March 1774 Donington, Lincolnshire, England Died 19 July 1814 …   Wikipedia

  • Old Queens — Old Queen s U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.